The city of Kaduna is the capital of Kaduna state and its largest and most populated town. Kaduna city consists of 2 local government areas namely Kaduna North and South. The city of Kaduna is found in the Northwest geopolitical zone of Nigeria and has an estimated population of 1,218,879 inhabitants. The commonly found ethnic groups in Kaduna city include the Hausa, Fulani, Adara, tsam and the Bakulu. Hausa and Pidgin English are common means of communication in Kaduna city while the Islam and Christian faiths are the most widely practiced religions. Popular districts in Kaduna include Sabon Tasha, Kula sau road, Akwaba road, Unguwan kanawa, Barnawa, GRA, Juction Road, Kurmi Mashi, Kakuri, Ahmadu Bello way, Badiko, and Kawo.
Tertiary institutions found in kaduna include the Federal Polytechnic, Nigerian Defence Academy, and the Kaduna state University. Kaduna city offers a variety of cuisines which include the popular Suya and Tuwo Shinkafa which is a local meal of rice pudding. Popular city landmarks in Kaduna include the Nigerian Defence Academy, Lugard hall, Kaduna Museum, Leventis Rounabout, Fifth Chukker Polo Club, Ganyi park and the Kaduna township Stadium which is home to a local professional football club known as Kaduna United. Hospitals found in Kaduna city include the Garden city hospital, Garkuwa specialist hospital, Giwa hospital, Barau Dikko specialist hospital, Chasel hospital, Harmony hospital, and the Federal Neuropsychimtric hospital.
Kaduna City falls under the Sudan Savannah and has a total area of 131 km squared . Kaduna city has an estimated humidity of 61 percent with average temperature of about 31 degrees centigrade.
There are two main seasons in Kaduna City which are the rainy and dry seasons and the rains fall in Kaduna city from April to October with average annual precipitation estimated at 1000 mm per annum. The topography of Kaduna city consists of undulating lands and flat, arable lands suitable for grazing and crop cultivation.
Kaduna city ( especially the Southern part of the city) is known for massive agricultural outputs of crops such as groundnut, millet, sorghum and rice. The city of Kaduna also has a bustling trade sector with about 18 percent of the city’s inhabitants engaging in the sales of commodities such as textile, edible stuff, and leather.
Animal rearing by the Fulanis is also a key feature of Kaduna’s economy with the Artisan Market subsequently having appreciable levels of patronage. Trade is also a key economic activity in Kaduna city with the town hosting several markets where diverse commodities are bought and sold such as the Kaduna central market, Gada market, Kasuwan Barchi market, Station market, Naraji market, Makera kakuri market, Gonin Gora market, and the Barnawa market.
Kaduna city was officially founded in the year 1913 by the British Colonial administrators. Kaduna was also the capital of the defunct Northern Region. Also, the city of Kaduna has been the capital of Kaduna State since the state was created in 1967 by the administration of General Yakubu Gowon.
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