Found in the SouthWest geopolitical region of Nigeria, Ogun state has the city of Abeokuta as its capital. Ogun state is bordered by Lagos, Oyo, Osun, Ondo states including the Republic of Benin. Popular towns in Ogun state include Otta, Akute, Sagamu, Ijebu-ode, Ilaro and Ayetoro.
Ogun state is home to the Yoruba people and has the highest number of registered universities in Nigeria (9). Ogun state boasts 20 LGAs which are Abeokuta North, Abeokuta South, Ado ado/Ota, Yewa North, Yewa South, Ewekoro, Ifo, Ijebu East, Ijebu North, Ijebu Northeast, Ijebu Ode, Ikenne, Imeko Afon, Ipokia, Obafemi Owode, Odeda, Odogbolu, Ogun waterside, Remo North, and Sagamu with an estimated population of 3,728,099. Christianity and Islam are the most widely practiced religions in Ogun state.
Popular cuisines in Ogun state incude Kokoro and the Eko and Efo-riro. Important landmarks in Ogun state include the Olumo rock, Lisabi sacred forest, Bilikisu Sungbo shrine, Ebute Oni tourist beach, Madam Tinubu shrine, Osuuru water spring, Centenary hall Abeokuta, Palace of Olowu of Owu, Omo forest Reserve, Alake's Palace, Ijamudo River shrine, Oyan dam, Oronna shrine Ilaro, Tongeji Island and the Abeokuta Museum. Tertiary Institutions in Ogun state include the Adetokunbo University Sagamu, Babcock University Ilisan Remo, Bells University Otta, Covenant University Ota, Crawford University Igbesa, Crescent University Abeokuta, Federal College of Education Osiele, Federal Polytechnic Ilaro, Gateway Industrial Institute Oni waterside, McPherson University Senki Sotayo, Moshood Abiola Polytechnic Abeokuta, Ogun state College of Healty Technology, Olabisi Onabanjo University Ago Iwoye, Tai Solarin College of Education Omu, and the Federal University Agriculure Abeokuta.
The Governor of Ogun State is Ibikunle Amosun.
Ogun state has a total area of 16,980,055 km squared with average annual rainfall of 2600 mm and temperatures averaging at about 28 degrees centigrade. Ogun state also has several rivers and tributaries which include the Ogun and Yewa rivers.
Ogun state's landscape is also characterized by the presence of rocks which include the famous Olumo rock.
Ogun state inhabitants are actively involved in Agriculture with vast farmlands producing crops such as cocoa, cotton, maize and ofada rice. Trade is another crucial economic activity in Ogun state with the state playing host to several markets which include the June 12 market Abeokuta, Kemta Adire market, Ijebu Igbo market, Ago Iwoye central market, Oru market, Ota market, Ita Osu market Ijebu Ode, Kuto market, Omida market, Panseke market Abeokuta, Lipede market, Lafenwa market, Lusada market, Itoku market, Gbangba market, and Iberekodo markets.
The state is also industrialized with the presence of notable production companies which include the Dangote Cement factory in Ibese and the Procer and Gamble factories in Agbara. Mineral resources found in Ogun state include Limestone, chalk, phosphate, clay, granite, stone, gypsum, bauxite, bitumen, feldspar, glass sand, kaolin, quartz, Tar sand, gemstones, crude oil, lead, and zinc.
Ogun state was created in 1976 from the old Western region during the regime of the Late Murtala Muhammed.
Historical sources claim that Ogun state was founded by a hunter named Sodeke who also doubled as the leader of the Egba refugees. Sodeke was believed to have fled from the Oyo empire in the time the empire was undergoing serious political crisis and settled in the area now known as Abeokuta in the year 1830.
Past governors of Ogun state include
Saidu Balogun- 1976-1978
Harris Ejagha- 1978-1979
Olabisi Onabanjo- 1979-1983
Oladipo Diya- 1984-1985
Raji Rasaki- 1986-1987
Mohammed Lawal- 1987- 1990
Oladeinde Joseph- 1990-1992
Olusegun Osoba- 1992 -1993
Sam Ewang- 1996-1998
Kayode Olofin Moyin- 1998-1999
Olusegun Osoba- 1999-2003
Gbenga Daniels- 2003-2011
Ibikunle Amosun - 2011 to date
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