Lagos state is domiciled in the SouthWest geopolitical zone of Nigeria and is the Country’s most economically valuable state. The state capital is in ikeja while other popular towns in Lagos state include Yaba, Badagry, Lekki and Ikorodu. Lagos state is bordered by Ogun state, Republic of Benin and the Atlantic ocean. Lagos state has a total of 20 Local government areas which include Alimosho, Ajeromi/Ifelodun, Kosofe, Mushin, Oshodi Isolo, Ojo, Ikorodu, Surulere, Agege, Ifako-Ijaiye, Somolu, Amuwo Odofin, Lagos Mainland, Ikeja, Eti-Osa, Badagry, Apapa, Lagos Island, Epe, and Ibeju-Lekki and these LGAs are further divided into 56 Local council Development Areas.
With a population of about 9,013,538 inhabitants, Lagos state is Nigeria’s second most populous state. The predominant tribe in Lagos state is the Yoruba even though several other tribes have fair amount of representation within the state. Lagos state has several landmarks which include the National Stadium in Surulere, the Murtala Mohammed International Airport, Teslim Balogun Sports Stadium, the New Afrika Shrine, Motherlan', Freedom Park, Slave Relics Badagry, Hi Impact Planet, Lekki Conservation Centre, Tarkwa Bay Beach, Bar Beach, Lekki leisure Lake, Terra Kulture, Elegushi Beach, GET Arena, Oniru private beach, Silverbird Cinemas and galleria, Eleko Beach, Jhalobia Recreation Park and gardens, Nike Art Gallery and Cultural Center and the National Theatre. Islam and Christianity are the most widely practiced religions in Lagos state. Tertiary Institutions found in Lagos state include the University of Lagos, Lagos state College of Health Technology, Lagos state University, Lagos Business School, Caleb University, Yaba College of Technology, Lagos state Polytechnic, Pan-African University, Adeniran Ogusanya College of Education, Wolex Polytechnic, St Augustine College of Education, National Open University of Nigeria, and the Augustine University Epe. Several privately and government owned health facilities are found in Lagos state and these include the Lagos state University Teaching Hospital, Alimosho General Hospital, Ikorodu General Hospital, Yabatech Medical Center, Epe General Hospital, Eko Hospital Ikeja, Reddington Hospital V.I, and the First Consultant Hospital Obalende.
Lagos city is a haven for fun seekers and persons in need of hospitality with the city boasting a range of Hotels suitable for people of diverse financial strengths.Popular hotels in Lagos include the Oriental Hotel, Villa Toscana, Eko Hotel and Suites, Royal Ibis hotel, Four points by Sheraton, Lagos Continental hotel, The Moorhouse, Amar Suites, and the Beni Gold Hotels. Club goers in Lagos state have an array of night hangout spots to visit and these include Quilox, Rumors, Escape, Club Pravada, The Garage by Caliente, Niteshift Coliseum, and the Unique Gentlemen's Club.
The Governor of Lagos State is Akinwunmi Ambode.
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Lagos state has both waterlocked and landlocked regions popularly referred to as the Island and the Mainland respectively. The total area of Lagos state is 3,577 km squared and has two distinct seasons; the rainy and dry seasons with a rainfall distribution of 3000 mm per annum and average temperature at 25 degrees centigrade.
Lagos state has an average humidity of 51 percent while the major soil types are the loamy and sandy soils due to the abundance of beaches in the state.
The Atlantic ocean also runs through the state as well as a number of water bodies which include rivers and canals.
Lagos state has a very vibrant economy that cuts across every sector of the economy. The state’s proximity to the atlantic ocean makes it a choice destination for imports and exports with the presence of 3 seaports playing a prominent role in this regard. Lagos state also boasts an unending list of industries that manufacture several different commodities.
The State is also widely regarded as the entertainment capital of Nigeria with most successful music and media companies domiciled in Lagos state. Other sectors that are vibrant within Lagos include the textile industry, oil and gas, telecommunications, sports, the banking sector and the hospitality industry. Trade is a critical aspect of the economy of Lagos state with the state hosting several markets which include the Alaba International market, Balogun market, Ebute Ero market, Epe fish market, Ikotun market, Idumota market, Isale Eko market, Jankara market, Ladipo market, Oyingbo market, Mile 12 market, Tejuosho market, Sabo market, Aswani market, Alade market, Ashade, Mushin market, Sandgrouse market, Ogogoro market, Bariga market, Daleco market, Ita Faji market, Ketu market, and the Bar Beach market.
Mineral resources found in Lagos state include Bitumen, Clay, Glass sand, and Crude Oil.
The area which is today known as Lagos state was formerly known as Eko and initially populated by people from the Awori tribe. Lagos state was formerly administered by the Federal Ministry of Lagos affairs before the state was officially created in 1967.
Brigadier Mobolaji Johnson was the foremost administrator of Lagos state from 1967-1975. Lagos state also has a Monarchy dating back several centuries with the head known as the Oba and these Obas have continued to wield great influence in the political administration of Lagos state. The lis of past governors/Administrators of Lagos state include
Mobolaji Johnson- 1967-1975
Adekunle Lawal- 1975-1977
Ndubuisi Kanu- 1977-1978
Ebitu Ukiwe- 1978-1979
Lateef Jakande- 1979-1983
Gbolahan Mudasiru - 1984-1986
Mike Akhigbe- 1986- 1988
Raji Rasaki- 1988-1992
Michael Otedola- 1992-1993
Olagunsoye Oyinlola- 1993-1996
Mohammed Buba Marwa- 1996-1999
Bola Tinubu - 1999-2007
Babatunde Fashola- 2007-2015
Akinwumi Ambode- 2015-date
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