Bauchi State is in the NorthEast geopolitical zone of Nigeria and has a total of 20 Local Government Areas which include Alkaleri, Bauchi, Bogoro, Dambari, Darazo, Dass, Gamawa, Ganjuwa, Giade, Itas/Gidau, Jama'are, Katagum, Kirfi, Misau, Ningi, Shira, Tafawa Balewa, Toro, Warji, and Zaki. The State is bordered by Kano, Jigawa, Taraba, Plateau, Kaduna, Gombe and Yobe States and the most widely spoken languages include Hausa, Fulani, Gerawa and the Sayawa. Ethnic groups found in Bauchi state include the Hausa, Fulani, Gerawa, Sayawa, Jarawa, Kirfawa, Turawa Bolewa, Karekare, Kanuri, Fa'awa, Warjawa, Zulawa, Butawa, Boyawa, Mbadawa, and the Jukun. Prominent festivals held in Bauchi state include the Gere Masquerade festival, Graimeisn festival of the Gezawa, Afizere dance festival, Takai dance festival, and the Durbar festival.
The predominant religions in Bauchi State include Islam and Christianity while the population is estimated at 3,091,476 inhabitants. Popular landmarks in Bauchi state include the Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi state University and the Babban Goni Mosque, the Gongola and the Jama'are rivers, Wikki warm springs, Shau Shau Iron smelting works, Marshall caves, Tunga Dutse rock formations, Dukkey wells, Panshanu stone heaps in Toro LGA, Shira rock paintings in Shira LGA and the Yankari National park. Teriary Institutions found in Bauch state include the Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, College of Education Azare, National Open University Bauchi, Bauchi state University Gadau, and the College of Education Kangere. A number of health institutions are found in Bauchi state and these include the Federal Medical Center Azare, Bauchi state Specialist Hospital, Bauchi state General Hospital Bogoro, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Teaching Hospital Bauchi, and the Al-Ameen hospital Bauchi.
The Governor of Bauchi State is Mohammed Abdullahi Abubakar.
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Bauchi State has an estimated total area of 49,119km squared with average annual precipitation around 1500 mm per annum. Average annual temperature of Bauchi State is around 28 degrees centigrade while the State falls under the Sahel and Sudan Savannahs.
The Sudan Savannah can be seen around the Southern parts of Bauchi state with its distinctive feature of a rich vegetation while the Sahel Savannah which is also referred to as the Semi-desert vegetation is found northwards.
The landscape of Bauchi state is generally mountainous and sandy with the presence of several rivers and tributaries with Gongola river and Jama'are river being the most prominent in the state.
Agriculture is the major economic activity for inhabitants of Bauchi State. Crops cultivated in Bauchi include Yam, beans, millet, groundnut and rice. Animal rearing also features prominently on the hierarchy of economic acticvities in Bauchi State. Trade and commerce also contribute favorably to the State's economy with the state hosting several markets such as the Bauchi Central market, Muda Lawal market, Nadabo cattle market, Azare main market and the Wunti market. A number of minerals such as clay, limestone, zinc, lead, gold, amethyst and uranium are also found in Bauchi state. .
Bauchi State was created in 1976 following the disintegration of the old North Eastern State and was only a province prior to this time. The Hausa meaning of Bauchi is the Land of Freedom and tourism and the State was named after a famous hunter known as Baushe who founded the Bauchi Emirate in the 17th century.
Several decades ago, Bauchi was known for an indigenous language referred to as Ajawa which later became extinct when the town's inhabitants adopted Hausa language as the primary means of comunication. Past Governor/Administrators of Bauchi state include
Mohammed Bello Khalid- 1976- 1978
Garba Duba - 1978- 1979
Abubakar Tatari Ali - 1979- 1983
Mohammed Sani - 1984- 1985
Chris Atutu Garba- 1985- 1987
Joshua Madaki - 1987- 1990
Abu Ali- 1990- 1992
Rasheed Adisa Raji- 1994-1996
Theophilus Bamigboye- 1996- 1998
Abdul Msheha- 1998- 1999
Ahmad Adamu Muazu - 1999- 2007
Isa Yuguda - 2007- 2015
M.A Abubakar- 2015- date.
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