Aba is the commercial capital of Abia state found in the Southeast geopolitical zone of Nigeria. The city of Aba comprises two Local government areas namely Aba south and Aba north. Aba is home to the members of the Igbo tribe with the Igbo and English languages as the primary means of communication. Popular streets/districts in Aba include Umuokposi, Obuda, Eziukwu, Aba Ukwu, Pound road, Asaeme, Amanfuru, Nnetu, Umuagbasi, and Iheoji.
The population of Aba city is estimated at 979,036 inhabitants. Christianity and paganism are the dominant religious inclinations of the city’s inhabitants. Aba is also home to Enyimba football club, a powerhouse in Nigeria’s elite football division. Popular city landmarks include the Ariaria Market and the Aba township stadium. Tertiary institutions found in Aba include the Abia state College of Health Technology, Covenant Polytechnic, and the Rhema University. Health facilities found in Aba include the Best Care specialist hospital, Alpha Inland hospital, Austin Grace hospital, Elehansan Hospita, Ebemma hospital, Evangel hospital, Isaac Okwuonu Memorial hospital , Life care clinics, Mendel hospital, New Era specialist hospital, and the General hospitale,
Notable landmarks in Aba town include the National Museum of Colonial history, Icons lounge, Aba sports club, and the Jevenik Restaurant
Aba has a total area measuring about 72 km squared and falls under the tropical monsoon climate. The average temperature in Aba is 27 degrees centigrade with annual estimated precipitation at 2200 mm.
The city of Aba also has a prominent river known as the Aba River which is a key Landmark of the city.
Aba is a commercial town with the presence of the popular Ariaria Market contributing immensely to the city’s economy. The market which rivals the Onitsha main market as one of the largest markets on the west African sub continent.
The Ariaria market is a ready destination for the purchase of Pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and clothing. Other markets in Aba City include the Ahia Ohuru, Cemetry market, and the Aba textile market. Aba is also famous for the handcraft of leather, the production of textiles and the cultivation of oil palm.
The city of Aba was founded by members of the Ngwa clan as a market town. Aba also witnessed the construction of a military post by colonial administration in 1901.
Aba was also the center of the famous Aba women’s riot of 1929 which was carried out to challenge the excesses of the colonial administrators.
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