Wole Soyinka

Wole Soyinka Biography / Profile

Akinwande Oluwole Babatunde Soyinka (popularly callled Wole Soyinka) was born on of July 13th, 1934 in the city of Abeokuta, in Ogun state of Nigeria. His native town is Isara Remo, Remo North Local Government Area in Ogun State. He is the second out of six children born to his father, Samuel Ayodele Soyinka, an Anglican Minister and Headmaster of St. Peter’s Primary School, Abeokuta, and his mother, Grace Eniola Soyinka, a market trader. 

Wole Soyinka Age

Wole Soyinka is 89 years old.

Wole Soyinka Early Life

Soyinka started going to school at the very tender age of two and half years, as a result of his very inquisitive nature. He had both his nursery and elementary education at the St. Peter’s Primary School Abeokuta, before proceeding to Abeokuta Grammar School. He was later enrolled at Government College Ibadan in 1946, at the age of 12 and graduated in 1952, at the age of 18. He went on to do his University preparatory education at the New University College, Ibadan for two years before proceeding to the University of Leeds, England in 1954 to acquire a Bachelor of Arts Degree in English Literature. While at the University, he worked as an editor for the satirical magazine, The Eagle.

Wole Soyinka Career

Following his graduation in 1958, and the attention he got for the two notable plays he published around that time: The Swam Dwellers (1958) and The Lion and The Jewel (1959), he got employed as a script-reader, actor, and director by the Royal Court Theater, in London. In 1960, he was awarded a Rockefeller bursary and returned to Nigeria to study African drama. It was during this time that he founded the theatre group, “ The 1960 Masks” and in 1964, the “Orisun Theatre Company “, through which he produced his own plays and also played acting roles. At the same time, he taught drama and literature at various universities in Ibadan, Lagos, and Ife.

His works deal with a variety of subject-matters, ranging from comedy to tragedy and from political satire to power struggles of the indigenous people, and also the theatre of the absurd. In 1957, his poems ‘The Immigrant’ and ‘My next Door Neighbour’ were published in the ‘Black Orpheus’, a Nigerian magazine. The same year, his play The Invention, which was his first play ever was produced at the Royal Court Theatre, London. His first major play was the Swamp Dwellers (1958), followed by The Lion and the Jewel (1959), and then, A Dance of the Forests(1960), his first important play.

Soyinka decided to resign from professorial duties at the University of Ibadan in April 1971 and went to Europe on a voluntary exile in which he spent five years. During this time, he worked as the editor of “Transition,” Nigeria’s leading intellectual journal. In 1972, Soyinka was awarded an Honorary Doctorate Degree by his Alma Mata, the same University of Leeds. Subsequently, in 1973, he enrolled for his Doctorate Degree at the University of Leeds and finished six years later. Later on,

From 1975 to 1999, Soyinka was a Professor of Comparative Literature at the Obafemi Awolowo University, then called the University of Ife. Soyinka has been a Professor of Creative Writing at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas. Soyinka has also served as a lecturer in other foreign Universities including Cornell, Emory, Oxford, Harvard and Yale universities respectively. In 1996 he was appointed “Robert W. Woodruff Professor of the Arts”, that was while he taught at the Cornell University.

He wrote a good deal of Poems from Prison while he was jailed in 1967–69 for speaking out against the war brought on by the attempted secession of Biafra from Nigeria. In Madmen and Specialists(1970), written shortly after his release from prison, Soyinka’s protest grows much more powerful, perhaps as much a tribute to the playwright’s suffering as to his growth as an artist. Madmen and Specialists dramatize what the NEW YORK TIMES calls, “a police state in which only madmen and spies can survive, in which the losers are mad and the winners are paranoid about the possibility of another rebellion.” Soon after, he also released The Man Died: Prison Notes (1972), a gripping account of his prison experience.

Soyinka has been a strong critic of successive Nigerian governments, especially the country’s many military dictators, as well as other political autocrats, including the Mugabe regime in Zimbabwe. He played an active role in Africa’s political history and her struggle for independence from Great Britain, including the fight against South Africa’s apartheid . He unfailingly reflected this stance in almost all his works and this made them be met with much criticism from various angles. In addition to drama and poetry, he has written two novels, The Interpreters(1965) and Season of Anomy (1973), as well as a collection of his literary essays, Myth, Literature and the African World (1975). autobiographical works including and Aké ( 1981), a memoir about his childhood.

Some of his most recent works released include King Baabu (2001), a strong, political satire on African dictatorship, In 2002 Samarkand and Other Markets I Have Known, a collection of his poems, printed and published by Methuen(2003), and his latest book of memoirs, You Must Set Forth at Dawn(2006).

Soyinka, who has been living and working in the US since 1994 was appointed Professor in Residence at Loyola Marymount University in Los Angeles, California, USA, in the fall of 2007. That same year, still being active in political criticism, called for the cancellation of the Nigerian presidential elections held two weeks earlier, with the opinion that it was plagued by extensive fraud and violence.

Wole Soyinka Personal Life

Soyinka has been married thrice and divorced twice: He married late British writer, Barbara Dixon in 1958, whom he met during his university days; Olaide Idowu, a Nigerian librarian, in 1963; and finally, Folake Doherty, his former student, in 1989. He had children with the former two and precisely 3 kids with the later. His children include Olaokun Soyinka, Moremi Soyinka-Onijala, Peyibomi Soyinka-Airewele, Makin Soyinka, and Iyetade Apampa.

Soyinka's mother was a descendant of the popular Ramsome-Kuti family in Abeokuta, known for her contributions to Nigerian art, religion, education, medicine and politics. Therefore, his cousins include activists Beko Ransome-Kuti and Yemisi Ransome-Kuti, former Health Minister Olikoye Ransome-Kuti, and the legendary Afrobeat musician Fela Anikulapo-Kuti.

It is not so surprising that Soyinka grew up to become an activist because activism runs in his family, especially from his mother’s side. While Fela’s mother was the leader of the Abeokuta Women Association, his own mother was an active member. His own non-conformist nature started manifesting quite early in life. This could be seen in the account of an event which he related in the autobiography of his childhood, Ake, when he refused to prostrate before a group of elders. 

Wole Soyinka Awards

Soyinka has been a recipient of numerous awards and honours including the 1986 Nobel Prize in Literature and 1983 Anisfield-Wolf Book Award.

Wole Soyinka Net Worth

His net worth is not available.

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